INTERNATIONAL ANARCHIST MOVEMENT-ICELAND:
DIRECT ACTION NEAR THE ARCTIC CIRCLE:
Molly has to confess to a long standing fascination with the country of Iceland. This is despite my general sympathies being for countries with as sunny and warm a climate as is consistent with a lack of malaria. Iceland, laying just south of the Arctic Circle (considerably north of such "wonderful" Canadian tourist destinations as Whitehorse, Yelowknife and Iqualuit), actually has a climate considerably more temperate than that of Winnipeg where I live. Apparently the average winter temperature in the southern lowlands where the capital Reykjavik is situated is only 0 degrees, about the same as New York City. Holy Bahamas Batman ! In contrast the average daily low here in January is -23, and -13 in December and February. As I write this the temperature outside is about -27, and the wind chill is predicted to be in the minus 40s for several days. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Iceland was -39.7. The coldest in Winnipeg was -47.8.
Iceland is also a land of fire as well as ice. In 1875 volcanic eruptions disrupted what little agriculture the country had at the time, and many Icelanders emigrated. A good chunk of them ended up here in Manitoba, on the shores of Lake Winnipeg. Manitoba still boasts an Icelandic newspaper, and Icelandic festivals that draw dignitaries from the homeland. From Molly's point of view it is like migrating from Novosibirsk to Archangelsk, Not a great step up.
Be that as it may, Iceland, with its total population of 304,367 (as of July, 2008)-slightly less than 1/2 that of Winnipeg-has long been on my list of places to go before I die. The place has a fascination. I have also watched with fascination as an anarchist movement has developed in that country over the last few years. Nowadays, with the financial collapse of the country that essentially invested its wealth in the pyramid schemes of the derivatives market, anarchism has become even more relevant to the situation of ordinary people there, and the anarchist movement has grown accordingly. Here's a report from the Icelandic anarchist site Aftaka who are planning to have a regular section in English in the future. The following has been slightly edited for English grammar and spelling.
Direct Action in Iceland:
Since early this winter, Iceland has been facing economic crisis. The three major business banks have been nationalized, putting their dept on the people’s shoulders. People have been losing their livelong savings, loans have increased and are getting sky high (and for sure they already were high enough). 200 people lost their jobs in every single day of November and more and more people are facing the threat of losing their houses.
People are getting angry, some of them wanting back the “good old” prosperity, while others, and hopefully the majority, are realizing the real cost of capitalism. More and more people are standing up against corruption and demanding new form of society - a society of justice. But every day the current government proves that it’s main aim is to save their own and their friend’s ass. A loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has been granted, most likely leading to the common aftermaths of an IMF loan: the privatization of social systems as the health care and the education system, and more destruction of the Icelandic wilderness.
For more than 2 months people have gathered weekly in a park in front of the parliament. The first protests demanded that the government would “break it’s silence” about the current situation. People were tired of not even being told about what was happening and what the government was doing about it.
But soon people realized that it was not enough to ask the government to speak, so the protests took up another and more radical demand: the resignation of the government and new elections as soon as possible. The government has completely ignored this demand and people are getting more and more angry.
Anarchists and other radical leftists have come to most of the protests, but not to protest against the economic situation, not to ask the government for solutions, not to ask for new elections, nor to ask any member of the government or parliament or any other official institution to do anything to “solve” the crisis we are facing. But to spread anarchistic and anti-capitalistic information among people, analyse the problems of authority and capitalism and to encourage Icelandic people to take direct action against the forces of corruption.
Burning of bank flags and “hanging” of a capitalist
During a protest in front of the prime minister’s office in late October, the flags of two Icelandic banks were burned. A group of anarchists, probably the biggest in Icelandic history at that time, shouted anarchistic slogans, pointing out capitalism as the real problem. Until then, capitalism seemed to be a banned word among the protesters. The flag burning caught the interest of foreign media, e.g. CNN which showed the burning in their news show later the same evening. An event like this had not happened in Iceland for a long time.
A week later, a big demonstration parade went through the center of Reykjavík, demanding the resignation of the government. Anarchists, which grew bigger and stronger every week, joined the march with banners, black flags, leaflets about direct actions, and anarchistic slogans. While other protesters chanted “Away with the government”, anarchists shouted “Never again government!”
When the parade came down the the park where weekly speeches took place, a group of people climbed a big fence and hung a doll of a capitalist. Again foreign media captured the performance on tape and screened it around the world.
A couple of meters away from the park where the protests take place, a Food Not Bombs groups has been giving away food every Saturday for the last 8 or 9 months. Food Not Bombs has for sure had it’s effect on the walking-by Icelanders, who are getting more curious and interested in alternative solutions to the problems of capitalism.
The government is a cheap and dirty pig
During a protest, Saturday November 8th, an anarchist climbed on top of the parliament were he hung the flag of Bónus, Iceland’s cheapest supermarket. The message was clear since the flag is yellow with a pink pig on it: “The government is a cheap and dirty pig!” Unlike the usual Icelandic protesters, people celebrated this act and sang along “The government is a cheap and dirty pig!”
Soon a hundred protesters surrounded the parliament to help the anarchist get away from the police, who had already arrested a mate of his. After a bit of a struggle with the police, people managed to help the flag-man (as he later became known as) to get down off the roof and de-arrested him more than once. One could feel some change in the air.
Less than a week later, on a Friday night, the police arrested the flag-man. He was in the middle of a research trip to the parliament, organized by his university, when some parliament staff recognized him and called the pigs.
The man had been arrested two years before, for an action with the environmental direct action campaign Saving Iceland, protesting against the building of a big dam, Kárahnjúkavirkjun, in the eastern highlands. For this action he had got sentenced and fined, but refused to pay the fine and instead insisted on sitting in jail for 18 days. But after only four days of his jail-sentence he was “thrown out” because of lack of space in the prison.
Now, the police stated that the man would have to sit the other 14 days of the sentence. The fact is though that the it is not allowed to split the sentence like this, and the man was supposed to get an announcement about finishing his sentence with at least 3 weeks notice. This had not been done in his case.
People claimed this was especially done by the police, fundamentally to “take out” an activist who was likely to take more actions during the upcoming weekly demonstration. So the next day, during the protest which 10.000 people had joined, another protest was announced, this time in front of the police station, a little bit later that day.
Riots by the police station
500 people came to the police station and demanded that the man be set free. After a while, no sign of the police was seen and nothing looked like the man would be set free. The protest got heated and soon people had started to break windows of the station and in the end the door of the station was broken. A group of people went in were the police welcomed them with a splash of pepper spray, without even announcing it.
The protest got even hotter; red paint and eggs were thrown at the station and on the riot squad which now had formed a chain in front of the station. A lot of people were pepper sprayed, including the flag-man’s mother and young kids down to 16 years old. In the end, the flag-man was payed out of the prison by an unknown person. The flag-man came out where he was celebrated as a hero. He thanked people for the support, but encouraged people to use their energy for something else: a revolution!
Invasion of the Central Bank
A week after the riots by the police station, the weekly protest was a little more chilled. Instead people hoped for something big taking place the upcoming Monday, December 1st, the day of Iceland’s sovereignty.
1st of December used to be a holiday in Iceland but couple of years ago the proletariat movement surrendered its rights. This 1st of May people were encouraged not to pay their bills, not show up to work and come to a big outdoor meeting on a big hill close to the government offices and the Central Bank. A few speeches took place, most of those including some nationalistic piffle which the radicals answered with a slogan: “No nationalism - International solidarity!”
After the meeting was formally over the word on the street was that more radical action was going to take place. Suddenly a big group of people marched to the Central Bank and entered the first entrance.
The entrance was completely full of people shouting and demanding that Davíð Oddsson, the chairman of the Central Bank board and a former prime minister, would resign. A few policemen had closed the second entrance but people shouted at them, asked “what team” they were in, telling them to join the public, leave the entrance and let the people in. Suddenly the police left the entrance, the people cheered and opened the door to the second entrance.
Pepper spray again?
The second entrance became as completely full as the first one, but behind big glass doors the riot squad had formed a chain of c.a. 30 pigs, armed with shields, clubs and pepper spray. Again, instead of speaking to the people, the pigs started shaking their spray cans, threatening to use it against the people it they would not leave.
People started banging on the door, shouting slogans against the Central Bank and the police. After a while, when a police officer had several times threatened to use the pepper spray, people decided to sit down peacefully and not stand up until Davíð Oddsson would resign. The action stood over several hours and had it’s peaks when people stood up, lifted up their hands to show they were unarmed and challenged the police to leave, open the doors and let the people bring Oddsson out.
When it became clear that Oddsson had already left the building the protesters gave the police an offer: the riot squad would leave and than the protesters would leave the building. About 30 seconds later, the pigs walked back and the people cheered some kind of a victory of the people.
Into the parliament
A week later, last Monday December 8th, thirty people went in to the Icelandic parliament, heading to the inside balcony where the public is legally allowed to sit, watch and listen to what takes place there. The group announced that the parliament no longer served it’s purpose and the government should therefor resign right now; the other MP’s should use their time for something more constructive.
Only two persons got to the balcony and shouted at the MP’s and ministers to leave the building. Quickly they were brutally removed by a police officer, while the rest of the group was stuck in a staircase inside the building. The parliamentary session was delayed and all the MP’s left the room.
Meanwhile the protesters were brutally handled by security guards and police, who ended up arresting 7 people, most of them for housebreaking. But, as said before, the public is allowed to enter the parliament balcony.
A government meeting delayed with a human chain
The next morning, 30 people had gathered in front of the prime minister’s office where a government meeting was supposed to take place. The people had formed a human chain blockading the two entrances of the house. When ministers started to show up, the police had already arrived and started to try to remove the chain. The people resisted heavily and read out a statement sent out by the group.
The statement said that the aim of the action was to “prevent the ministers from entering the house and therefore stop further misuse of power. Money has controlled people at the cost of their rights and the authorities and their cliques have manipulated finance for their own benefit. That manipulation has would not happen in a just society, a just world. The time of action has dawned, because a just society is not only possible, but it is our duty to fight for it.”
With the help of the police, all the ministers got in, but heard the statement and were under big pressure from the media. They were not prepared for questions and came out badly when asked. The government meeting was delayed because of the actions.
Two were arrested, one for entering a police line and the other one for sitting in front of the police car which was about to drive the other arrested one to the police station. More people sat on the street and it took the police quite a long time to get out of the street. Only when a police officer gave the driver an order to “just drive hard”, did the driver do so and nearly drove over two persons.
One of the biggest newspapers in Iceland, DV, reported the brutal behaviour of the police. The paper’s journalist and photographer were both attacked by the police, as well as noticing when a police punched a protester in the face, while he lay on the street. Most other media did not dare to report the brutal behaviour.
A left wing website, Smugan, told about a police officer who was asked by the protesters if he would have protected Hitler. His answer was simple: “Yes, if it would have been my duty.”
More actions have been announced and it will be interesting to see what comes next.
More photos from protests in Iceland can be found by clicking here.